Wednesday, September 8, 2010

Haenel / Schmeisser MP-41 submachine gun


Haenel / Schmeisser MP-41 submachine gun, right side

Haenel / Schmeisser MP-41 submachine gun, left side

Receiver markings of MP-41, showing characteristic "Patent Schmeisser" inscription

Caliber 9x19mm Luger / Parabellum
Weight 3,87 kg empty
Length 860 mm
Barrel length 250 mm
Rate of fire 500 rounds per minute
Magazine capacity 32 rounds
Effective range 150-200 meters

The MP-41 (M.P. 41) submachine gun was developed by Hugo Schmeisser, son of the Louis Schmeisser who developed the first practical machine gun, the MP-18. At the time of development of MP-41, that is, in 1941, the company C.G.Haenel, at which Schmeisser was chief designer, manufactured MP-40 submachine guns for German army. It is possible that Schmeisser decided to develop a submachine gun which was better suited for infantry use than the MP-40. For this reason, he combined the receiver, action and magazine of MP-40 with the wooden stock and selective-fire mechanism of MP-28. Haenel company produced more than few MP-41 submachine guns, which were mostly purchased by SS troops, which had their own supply chains. However, late in 1941 Erma company filed a patent infringement lawsuit against Haenel, and as a result, Haenel company was forced to close the production of MP-41. Only 26 700 guns of MP-41 pattern were made during the war, and most were issued to SS, SD and police troops.

The MP-41 (M.P. 41) submachine gun is blowback operated, selective-fire weapon which fires from open bolt. It uses bolt with telescoped return spring guide, borrowed from MP-40 along with receiver and magazine. The wooden stock and trigger unit with cross-bolt button fire mode selector were taken from MP-28.


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